Phase 0: Arrival, registration and accomodation After your arrival in Germany it first of all was important to be registered as an asylum seeker. The certificate you got, "Bescheinigung über die Meldung als Asylsuchende" (BüMA), entitles you to stay in Germany. It furthermore allows you to obtain state services, such as accomodation, food and medical care.
Phase 1: File application After registration, you get an appointment with the federal office for migration and refugees: "Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge". This is where you have to submit a personal application. How you can do this and which documents you need we'll explain in the following.
Phase 2: Personal hearing The personal hearing/interview is the most important part of your asylum proceedings. For this interview you will be invited again by the federal office. Important: You absolutely have to go to this appointment as an applicant! Otherwise the application can be rejected and your asylum process could get terminated.
Phase 3: Decision of the federal office After a thorough review the federal office decides on your asylum application. You will then be informed (in writing) if there is a so-called "Schutzberechtigung", a kind of protection right. How this part of the process works, and what decisions have to be made, you can read in the following.
Rights and obligations during the asylum process During the entire asylum process, you have both rights and obligations in Germany. For example, you have the right to a proper asylum process. However, you also have to adhere to German laws and regulations and observe special rules and situations during the examination of your application.