Asylum - Phase 1

Asylum process

Phase 1: File an application

Where and when does the meeting take place?

In order to file an application you get an appointment with the federal office for migration and refugees: "Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge". The meeting then might take place in one of the external offices of the federal office, or also in one of the arrival centers. Important: You have to be there in person! Sometimes it can take a little longer to get an appointment, then you just need to be a bit patient.

What happens at the meeting?

The "Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge" will collect your personal data if this hasn't happened yet.
The following information will be collected:
  • Personal data (What is your name?)
  • Hometown (Where do you come from?)
  • Schools and education (What did you learn?)
  • Relatives at home (Do you still have relatives at home?)
  • Language skills (Which languages do you speak?)
  • Itinerary (how did you get to Germany?)
Your data will be compared with the existing data to check if it is a "first application" that actually has to be dealt with in Germany. Moreover they will also take a picture of you and your fingerprints will be taken. If necessary an interpreter can join you for the meeting.

How can you prepare for the meeting?

First of all you should have the following documents ready for the application - bring them with you to the meeting!
  • Arrival documents:  BÜMA (Bescheinigung über Meldung als Asylbewerber or proof of arrival)
  • Letter of the federal office with the invitation for the appointment
  • If available: ID, passport, birth certificate, travel documents, tickets of you journey
  • If available: other documents, photographs, documents from your home country (for example your national passport or driving licenses)
In general, you are obliged to prove your identity. Therefore it is very important that you bring all documents that could be of importance when submitting the application. Bring all documents that could prove that you had to flee from your home country. This can be photographs, documents of the police or other authorities, medical certificates or something similar. Bring along everything that could be helpful, even if you are not sure. If you don't have any documents such as passport, birth certificate, driver's license, or something else, your nationality might have to be determined with the a language analysis.

What happens after the meeting?

After you have submitted your application, you will get an important certificate: "Bescheinigung über die Aufenthaltsgestattung". This document shows that you are an asylum applicant and that you are legally allowed to be in Germany. You should always carry this ID document with you! In case of controls show it to the police. The right of temporary residence entitles you to remain in Germany until your asylum process is completed and to work under certain conditions. 

Important: Your "Aufenthaltsgestattung" is limited to the district of your reception facility. Initially you are only allowed to stay in this area and you will need an extra permission in order to temporarily leave the district. 
If your long-term perspective of staying is promising, this so-called "Residenzpflicht" (residence obligation) no longer applies after three months. The area of residence will then be extended to all Germany.
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