Phase 2: Personal hearing
What is the goal of the personal hearing/interview?
At the federal office, so-called "Entscheiderinnen und Entscheider" (decision-makers) are responsible for the conduct of the hearing. At this personal interview the federal office wants to understand your personal reasons for fleeing your home country. Once again, you will be asked your individual reasons for fleeing your country, moreover, they try to uncover possible contradictions. The decision-makers are well aware of the different circumstances of the countries of origin and are familiar with the political situation in those countries.
What do I have to do at the hearing?
First of all it is very important for you toattend the hearing in person! If you are unable to attend the appointment, e.g. because you are ill, you absolutely have to notify the federal office. A written notification well ahead in time is needed. During the interview you will have enough time present your own individual reasons for fleeing. You will also be accompanied by an interpreter to help you. You will have to
present your CV and describe your living conditions in your home country.
In addition, you will be asked to describe your journey to Germany, and possibly your personal persecution. Furthermore, it will be important to explain to the decision-makers what circumstances you had to expect, if you had to go back to your country of origin.
Important: You are obliged to always tell the truth and if possible prove your arguments with evidence, such as photographs, documents of the police or other authorities, medical certificates... anything that can help to show that you are telling the truth.
Everything that could potentially prove that your statements are correct you should bring with you. However, you should only tell what you actually experienced. Don't make up new stories!
What happens why my data?
Your descriptions will be translated, recorded and after that translated back to your language, in order to make sure that everything you said was correctly recorded. You will also get the possibility of correcting or complementing certain aspects. Finally, you have to sign the protocol to confirm it - thus check it well!
Who is able to help me during the hearing?
The meeting is not public, however, there are people that can accompany and help you:
- A lawyer
- A representative of the high commissioner for refugees of the United Nations (UNGCR)
- A guardian in case of unaccompanied minors
- Another person of trust Important: The Bundesamt has to approve this first. You have to submit a written application prior to your hearing! (Fax or Email is fine, too)
Additional information on the hearing is available hereMoreover the following video can give you a good explanation, it is also available in other languages here