Asylum -Phase 2

Asylum process

Phase 2: Personal hearing

What is the goal of the personal hearing/interview?
At the federal office, so-called "Entscheiderinnen und Entscheider" (decision-makers) are responsible for the conduct of the hearing. At this personal interview the federal office wants to understand your personal reasons for fleeing your home country. Once again, you will be asked your individual reasons for fleeing your country, moreover, they try to uncover possible contradictions. The decision-makers are well aware of the different circumstances of the countries of origin and are familiar with the political situation in those countries. 

What do I have to do at the hearing?
First of all it is very important for you toattend the hearing in person! If you are unable to attend the appointment, e.g. because you are ill, you absolutely have to notify the federal office. A written notification well ahead in time is needed. During the interview you will have enough time present your own individual reasons for fleeing. You will also be accompanied by an interpreter to help you. You will have to present your CV and describe your living conditions in your home country. In addition, you will be asked to describe your journey to Germany, and possibly your personal persecution. Furthermore, it will be important to explain to the decision-makers what circumstances you had to expect, if you had to go back to your country of origin. 
Important: You are obliged to always tell the truth and if possible prove your arguments with evidence, such as photographs, documents of the police or other authorities, medical certificates... anything that can help to show that you are telling the truth.
Everything that could potentially prove that your statements are correct you should bring with you. However, you should only tell what you actually experienced. Don't make up new stories!

What happens why my data?
Your descriptions will be translated, recorded and after that translated back to your language, in order to make sure that everything you said was correctly recorded. You will also get the possibility of correcting or complementing certain aspects. Finally, you have to sign the protocol to confirm it - thus check it well!

Who is able to help me during the hearing?
The meeting is not public, however, there are people that can accompany and help you:
  • A lawyer
  • A representative of the high commissioner for refugees of the United Nations (UNGCR)
  • A guardian in case of unaccompanied minors 
  • Another person of trust  Important: The Bundesamt has to approve this first. You have to submit a written application prior to your hearing! (Fax or Email is fine, too)
Additional information on the hearing is available here
Moreover the following video can give you a good explanation, it is also available in other languages here 

    Waiting for the hearing

    What can I do while waiting for the hearing?
    It can take a while, until your application for asylum has been examined. On average you have to expect a few months after submission of the application. Unfortunately, however, it is also possible that this process takes much longer. It is probably best to use this waiting period. For example you could do the following:
    • Take part in language courses
    • Get advice on how to best prepare for the hearing
    • Think about what you want to say at the hearing. Why did you have to leave your country?
    • If you have a good perspective on staying, you can also try to do an integration course. Get more information about it at your reception center
    • Take advantage of the Leisure activities in Schönaich.
    • Practice your German online
    Which organisation can support me during this process? Do I need a lawyer?
    You need an attorney especially if your application for asylum was rejected and you want to challenge this. However, also prior to the hearing it might make sense to get legal advice. If you are looking for support before the hearing and if you are living in Schönaich as a refugee, turn to the Arbeitskreis Flüchtlinge for help. Your contact persons can help you with all important questions. Moreover, you can find more useful contacts here.

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